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Tissue Eng Part A. 2011 Jun;17(11-12):1595-603. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEA.2010.0449. Epub 2011 Mar 30.

Enhancement of matrix production and cell proliferation in human annulus cells under bioreactor culture.

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Orthopaedic Research Lab, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA.


Tissue engineering is a promising approach for treatment of disc degeneration. Herein, we evaluated effects of rotating bioreactor culture on the extracellular matrix production and proliferation of human annulus fibrosus (AF) cells. AF cells were embedded into alginate beads, and then cultured up to 3 weeks in a rotating wall vessel bioreactor or a static vessel. By real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, expression of aggrecan, collagen type I and type II, and collagen prolyl 4-hydroxylase II was remarkably elevated, whereas expression of matrix metalloproteinase 3 and a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 5 was significantly decreased under bioreactor. Biochemical analysis revealed that the levels of the whole cell-associated proteoglycan and collagen were approximately five- and twofolds in rotating bioreactor, respectively, compared to those in static culture. Moreover, AF cell proliferation was augmented in rotating bioreactor. DNA contents were threefolds higher in rotating bioreactor than that in static culture. Expression of the proliferating cell nuclear antigen was robustly enhanced in rotating bioreactor as early as 1 week. Our findings suggested that rotating bioreactor culture would be an effective technique for expansion of human annulus cells for tissue engineering driven treatment of disc degeneration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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