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J Urban Health. 2011 Jun;88(3):507-16. doi: 10.1007/s11524-010-9540-7.

Comorbidity-related treatment outcomes among HIV-infected adults in the Bronx, NY.

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  • 1Department of Family and Social Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467, USA.


Aging, HIV infection, and antiretroviral therapy have been associated with increasing rates of chronic comorbidities in patients with HIV. Urban minority populations in particular are affected by both the HIV/AIDS and chronic disease epidemics. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of and risk factors for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes among HIV-infected adults in the Bronx and describe comorbidity-related treatment outcomes. This was a cross-sectional study of 854 HIV-positive adults receiving care at 11 clinics which provide HIV primary care services; clinics were affiliated with a large urban academic medical center. Data on blood pressure (BP), cholesterol, and glycemic control were collected through standardized chart review of outpatient medical records. We found prevalence rates of 26%, 48%, and 13% for hypertension, dyslipidemia, and diabetes, respectively. Older age, obesity, family history, and current protease inhibitor use were consistently associated with comorbidity. Diabetes treatment goals were achieved less often than BP and lipid goals, and concurrent diabetes was a significant predictor for BP and lipid control. In conclusion, major cardiovascular-related comorbidities are prevalent among HIV-positive adults in the Bronx, especially older and obese individuals. Differences exist in comorbidity-related treatment outcomes, especially for patients with concurrent diabetes. Because cardiovascular risk is modifiable, effective treatment of related comorbidities may improve morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected patients.

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