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Aust Fam Physician. 2010 Nov;39(11):863-6.

Predicting central sensitisation - whiplash patients.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Research Transition Facility, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada. rferrari@shaw.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Central sensitisation is associated with chronic pain in whiplash patients. Predicting which patients will develop central sensitisation is difficult but patient expectations of recovery predict a variety of outcomes in whiplash patients.

METHOD:

Ninety-one whiplash patients were assessed within 1 week of their collision in order to ascertain their expectations of recovery and were then re-examined 3 months later with the Brachial Plexus Provocation Test (BPPT) as a sign of central sensitisation.

RESULTS:

Adjusting for a number of predictors, patient expectation of recovery was found to predict the results of the BPPT. Subjects who expected 'to get better soon' had a BPPT angle that was 42 degrees less (ie. closer to normal or full range) than any of the subjects who had poor recovery expectations.

DISCUSSION:

Whiplash patients who expect 'never to get better' or 'don't know' have a much higher likelihood of developing at least one sign of central sensitisation 3 months after their collision.

PMID:
21301661
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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