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Immunol Cell Biol. 2011 Mar;89(3):346-51. doi: 10.1038/icb.2010.137. Epub 2011 Feb 8.

Human FoxP3(+)CD4(+) regulatory T cells: their knowns and unknowns.

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Department of Internal Medicine--French Reference Center for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Antiphospholipid Syndrome, Pitie Salpetriere Hospital, Paris, France.


Human regulatory T cells (Tregs) expressing the transcription factor FoxP3 play indispensable roles for the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance and immune homeostasis. In this review, we discuss immunological characteristics of human FoxP3(+) Tregs and to what extent they are similar to or different from the murine counterparts. We also discuss important issues that remain to be addressed in the field to better understand the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease and to build solid basis for immunotherapies targeting FoxP3(+) Tregs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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