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Phys Biol. 2011 Feb;8(1):015003. doi: 10.1088/1478-3975/8/1/015003. Epub 2011 Feb 7.

Micromechanics of human mitotic chromosomes.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biosciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208-3500, USA.

Abstract

Eukaryote cells dramatically reorganize their long chromosomal DNAs to facilitate their physical segregation during mitosis. The internal organization of folded mitotic chromosomes remains a basic mystery of cell biology; its understanding would likely shed light on how chromosomes are separated from one another as well as into chromosome structure between cell divisions. We report biophysical experiments on single mitotic chromosomes from human cells, where we combine micromanipulation, nano-Newton-scale force measurement and biochemical treatments to study chromosome connectivity and topology. Results are in accord with previous experiments on amphibian chromosomes and support the 'chromatin network' model of mitotic chromosome structure. Prospects for studies of chromosome-organizing proteins using siRNA expression knockdowns, as well as for differential studies of chromosomes with and without mutations associated with genetic diseases, are also discussed.

PMID:
21301072
PMCID:
PMC3150456
DOI:
10.1088/1478-3975/8/1/015003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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