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Ann Hepatol. 2011 Jan-Mar;10(1):5-14.

Treatment issues surrounding hepatitis C in renal transplantation: a review.

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University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


Hepatitis C infection is prevalent in candidates for and recipients of solid organ transplants. In the renal transplant population, HCV infection has been shown to decrease long-term patient and graft survival. The outcomes of HCV in recipients of other solid organ transplants are yet to be established and prospective studies will be needed in the future. In the absence of effective and safe antiviral treatment for HCV infection in renal, heart, and lung transplant recipients, the management of these patients remains a challenge and has led to an increased focus on identifying and treating hepatitis C in patients prior to transplantation. Interferon-based therapy for HCV prior transplantation appears to improve outcomes after transplantation. On the other hand, post-transplant interferon therapy is associated with an increased risk of graft rejection. Given the paucity of information on HCV treatment in solid organ transplant recipients, there is a great need for large-scale, multi-centre randomized controlled trials to determine the optimal approach to HCV infection in this population. This article will summarize the current peer-reviewed literature focusing on the efficacy of amantadine, ribavirin and both standard and pegylated interferon in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in renal, transplant recipients.

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