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Anesthesiol Clin. 2011 Mar;29(1):1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.anclin.2010.11.012.

Teamwork and communication in the operating room: relationship to discrete outcomes and research challenges.

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Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital for Special Surgery, 535 East 70th Street, New York, NY 10021, USA.


The literature defining and addressing teamwork and communication is abundant; however, few studies have analyzed the relationship between measures of teamwork and communication and quantifiable outcomes. The objectives of this review are: (1) to identify studies addressing teamwork and communication in the operating room in relation to discrete measures of outcome, (2) to create a classification of studies of the relationship between teamwork and communication and outcomes, (3) to assess the implications of these studies, (4) to explore the methodological challenges of teamwork and communication studies in the perioperative setting, and (5) to suggest future research directions.studies in the perioperative setting, and (5) to suggest future research directions.

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