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J Oral Rehabil. 2011 Aug;38(8):571-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2010.02194.x. Epub 2011 Feb 5.

Patterns and forces of occlusal contacts during lateral excursions recorded by the T-Scan II system in young Chinese adults with normal occlusions.

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1
Institute of Stomatology, Nanjing Medical University, China.

Abstract

The objective was to characterise the patterns and forces of occlusal contacts during lateral mandibular excursions in a young Chinese adult population. Angle Class I normal occlusions in 85 dental students aged 20-29 were evaluated using the T-Scan II occlusal imaging and analysis system. The frequency of occlusal contacts was recorded for right and left lateral excursions at the position of lateral disclusion, at the canine-to-canine position and at the lateral maximal position. At the canine-to-canine position, the occlusal contact patterns were classified, and the relative forces were compared by multiple regression analysis, with α = 0·05. At the position of lateral disclusion, a high percentage of canine contacts (58·5%) and individual posterior tooth contacts on the working side was observed. At the canine-to-canine position, the canines on the working side contacted most frequently (68·9%), and the occlusal contact patterns could be classified into six groups. At the lateral maximal position, incisors (39·0%) and canines (32·3%) contacted most frequently. At the canine-to-canine position, subjects with occlusal contacts only on canines or on first premolars on the working side had the lowest relative occlusal forces (P < 0·001). Canine protection and group function do not identify all descriptors for lateral occlusal contact patterns in the natural dentition. Six occlusal contact patterns were found at the lateral canine-to-canine position.

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