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J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2011 Apr;28(5):827-31.

Novel hybrid encodes both continuous and split tRNA genes?

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Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Calcutta 700032, India.


tRNAs are mostly transcribed from un-fragmented genes, but occasionally also from split genes, with separated 5' and 3' halves. A reanalysis of the existing data on Staphylothermus marinus and Staphylothermus hellenicus hints of a novel hybrid gene that encodes both an un-fragmented and a 5'-split-half together in one. The corresponding 3' complement-gene is located elsewhere on the genome. As un-fragmented, the hybrid gene transcribes to tRNA(lys)(TTT). But as 5'-half, it trans-splices with its 3'-complement-half to tRNA(lys)(CTT), the tRNA missed so far. This hybrid of the split and the un-fragmented in one suggests a deeper synergy between the two, and hints of co-evolution. Furthermore, in a subtle contrast to the widely held idea of conservation of 3'-half, it is precisely the 3'-half that varies in these two tRNAs; the 5'-half remains conserved.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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