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Cardiovasc Res. 2011 Jul 1;91(1):27-36. doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvr042. Epub 2011 Feb 3.

Involvement of vascular peroxidase 1 in angiotensin II-induced vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation.

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, China.

Abstract

AIMS:

Vascular peroxidase 1 (VPO1) is a newly identified haem-containing peroxidase that catalyses the oxidation of a variety of substrates by hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Considering the well-defined effects of H(2)O(2) on the vascular remodelling during hypertension, and that VPO1 can utilize H(2)O(2) generated from co-expressed NADPH oxidases to catalyse peroxidative reactions, the aims of this study were to determine the potential role of VPO1 in vascular remodelling during hypertension.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The vascular morphology and the expression of VPO1 in arterial tissues of spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar-Kyoto rats were assessed. The VPO1 expression was significantly increased concomitantly with definite vascular remodelling assessed by evaluating the media thickness, lumen diameter, media thickness-to-lumen diameter ratio and mean nuclear area in artery media in spontaneously hypertensive rats. In addition, in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells we found that the angiotensin II-mediated cell proliferation was inhibited by knockdown of VPO1 using small hairpin RNA. Moreover, the NADPH oxidase inhibitor, apocynin, and the hydrogen peroxide scavenger, catalase, but not the ERK1/2 inhibitor, PD98059, attenuated angiotensin II-mediated up-regulation of VPO1 and generation of hypochlorous acid.

CONCLUSION:

VPO1 is a novel regulator of vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation via NADPH oxidase-H(2)O(2)-VPO1-hypochlorous acid-ERK1/2 pathways, which may contribute to vascular remodelling in hypertension.

PMID:
21292788
PMCID:
PMC3112017
DOI:
10.1093/cvr/cvr042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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