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Transpl Int. 2011 May;24(5):514-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-2277.2011.01224.x. Epub 2011 Feb 3.

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate protects kidneys from ischemia reperfusion injury by HO-1 upregulation and inhibition of macrophage infiltration.

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1
Department of Urology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) shows diverse chemical and biological activities. We investigated the effects of EGCG in a rat renal ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury model. Sprague-Dawley rats received intraperitoneal injection of 50 mg/kg EGCG 48 h, 24 h, and 30 min prior to I/R injury. The animals were subjected to left renal occlusion for 45 min. EGCG treatment suppressed the peak in serum creatinine. EGCG-treated kidneys showed significantly less tubular damage and a decreased number of apoptotic cells. The I/R-induced elevation in the renal MDA level was significantly decreased in the EGCG group. Reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction showed that EGCG significantly decreased the expression of MHC class II, TLR2, TLR4, MCP-1, IL-18, TGF-β1, procollagen Ia1, TIMP-1, and Kim-1. ED-1 staining showed reduced macrophage infiltration and α-SMA staining revealed less interstitial expression. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in I/R kidneys was upregulated in the EGCG group based on the results of both RT-PCR and Western blotting analysis. Blockade of HO-1 gene induction by SnPP increased renal tubular damage and macrophage infiltration. These findings suggest that EGCG protects the kidneys against I/R injury by reducing macrophage infiltration and decreasing renal fibrosis. These beneficial effects may be mediated, in part, by augmentation of the HO-1 gene.

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