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Child Dev. 2011 Jan-Feb;82(1):362-78. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01561.x.

CSRP's Impact on low-income preschoolers' preacademic skills: self-regulation as a mediating mechanism.

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Department of Applied Psychology, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA.


Based on theoretically driven models, the Chicago School Readiness Project (CSRP) targeted low-income children's school readiness through the mediating mechanism of self-regulation. The CSRP is a multicomponent, cluster-randomized efficacy trial implemented in 35 Head Start-funded classrooms (N = 602 children). The analyses confirm that the CSRP improved low-income children's self-regulation skills (as indexed by attention/impulse control and executive function) from fall to spring of the Head Start year. Analyses also suggest significant benefits of CSRP for children's preacademic skills, as measured by vocabulary, letter-naming, and math skills. Partial support was found for improvement in children's self-regulation as a hypothesized mediator for children's gains in academic readiness. Implications for programs and policies that support young children's behavioral health and academic success are discussed.

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