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Exp Hematol. 2011 May;39(5):511-20. doi: 10.1016/j.exphem.2011.01.008. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Quiescence regulators for hematopoietic stem cell.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, The University of Texas, M D Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA. jli@mdanderson.org

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) either stays in quiescence or proliferates toward differentiation for the production of mature blood cells, or toward self-renewal for giving rise to itself. In order to both maintain a supply of mature blood cells and not exhaust HSCs throughout the lifetime of an individual, under steady state, most HSCs remain quiescent and only a small number enter the cell cycle. Quiescence of HSCs is not only critical for protecting the stem cell compartment and sustaining stem cell pools over long periods, but it is also critical for protecting stem cells by minimizing their accumulation of replication-associated mutations. The balance between quiescence and proliferation is tightly controlled by both HSC-intrinsic and -extrinsic mechanisms. In recent years, through reductionistic strategies, a wide variety of molecules or pathways critical for HSC quiescence regulation have been identified. This regulation network involves both positive and negative regulators. Understanding quiescence regulation in HSC is of great importance not only for understanding the physiological foundation of HSCs, but also for understanding the pathophysiological origins of many related disorders. In this article, I will briefly review the current advance in the quiescence regulators for the HSCs.

PMID:
21288477
DOI:
10.1016/j.exphem.2011.01.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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