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FEBS J. 2011 Apr;278(7):1167-74. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2011.08042.x. Epub 2011 Mar 4.

Sirt1 and mir-9 expression is regulated during glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic β-islets.

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1
Department of Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Colaba, Mumbai, India.

Abstract

MicroRNA mir-9 is speculated to be involved in insulin secretion because of its ability to regulate exocytosis. Sirt1 is an NAD-dependent protein deacetylase and a critical factor in the modulation of cellular responses to altered metabolic flux. It has also been shown recently to control insulin secretion from pancreatic β-islets. However, little is known about the regulation of Sirt1 and mir-9 levels in pancreatic β-cells, particularly during glucose-dependent insulin secretion. In this article, we report that mir-9 and Sirt1 protein levels are actively regulated in vivo in β-islets during glucose-dependent insulin secretion. Our data also demonstrates that mir-9 targets and regulates Sirt1 expression in insulin-secreting cells. This targeting is relevant in pancreatic β-islets, where we show a reduction in Sirt1 protein levels when mir-9 expression is high during glucose-dependent insulin secretion. This functional interplay between insulin secretion, mir-9 and Sirt1 expression could be relevant in diabetes. It also highlights the crosstalk between an NAD-dependent protein deacetylase and microRNA in pancreatic β-cells.

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