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Violence Vict. 2010;25(6):755-69.

Does community violence exposure predict trauma symptoms in a sample of maltreated youth in foster care?

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The Kempe Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse and Neglect, University of Colorado, Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.


Previous studies find that childhood exposure to family and community violence is associated with trauma symptoms. Few studies, however, have explored whether community violence exposure (CVE) predicts trauma symptoms after controlling for the effects associated with family violence exposure (FVE). In the current study, CVE and FVE were examined in a sample of 179 youth with a recent history of maltreatment. CVE was associated with trauma symptoms after controlling for FVE, but FVE was not associated with trauma symptoms after controlling for CVE. In addition, negative coping strategies (e.g., self-harm, interpersonal aggression) partially mediated the association between CVE and trauma symptoms. These findings are discussed in terms of their implications for interventions aimed at addressing the needs of children exposed to violence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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