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Clin Chem. 2011 Apr;57(4):555-9. doi: 10.1373/clinchem.2010.150631. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Consensus statement on the standardization and evaluation of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor assays.

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Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7170, USA.


Growth hormone (GH) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) measurements are widely used in the diagnosis of disorders of GH secretion, evaluation of children with short stature from multiple causes, management of disorders that lead to nutritional insufficiency or catabolism, and monitoring both GH and IGF-I replacement therapy. Therefore, there is an ongoing need for accurate and precise measurements of these 2 peptide hormones. Representatives of the Growth Hormone Research Society, the IGF Society, and the IFCC convened an international workshop to review assay standardization, requirements for improving assay comparability, variables that affect assay interpretation, technical factors affecting assay performance, assay validation criteria, and the development and use of normative data. Special attention was given to preanalytical conditions, the use of international commutable reference standards, antibody specificity, matrix requirements, QC analysis, and interference by binding proteins. Recommendations for each of these variables were made for measurements of each peptide. Additionally, specific criteria for IGF-I were recommended for age ranges of normative data, consideration of Tanner staging, and consideration of the effect of body mass index. The consensus statement concludes that major improvements are necessary in the areas of assay performance and comparability. This group recommends that a commutable standard for each assay be implemented for worldwide use and that its recommendations be applied to accomplish the task of providing reliable and clinically useful results.

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