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Psychiatr Serv. 2011 Feb;62(2):206-9. doi: 10.1176/ps.62.2.pss6202_0206.

Inpatient psychiatric care in the 21st century: the need for reform.

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1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA.

Abstract

Driven by financial pressures, the sole focus of psychiatric inpatient treatment has become safety and crisis stabilization. Data are lacking on outcomes of ultrashort-stay hospitalizations; however, such stays may diminish opportunities for a sustained recovery. In the absence of an evidence base to guide clinicians and policy makers, mental health professionals have an ethical obligation to promote what they consider to be best practice. This Open Forum focuses on the need to reconsider the current model of inpatient hospitalization in order to maximize positive outcomes and emphasize appropriate transition to the community and less intensive levels of care. A model of care is presented based on rapid formulation of diagnosis, goals, and treatment modalities before treatment begins. Three phases are described--assessment, implementation, and resolution--with specific principles to guide length-of-stay decisions and requirements for staffing.

PMID:
21285100
DOI:
10.1176/ps.62.2.pss6202_0206
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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