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PLoS One. 2011 Jan 20;6(1):e16324. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016324.

The Ras-PI3K signaling pathway is involved in clathrin-independent endocytosis and the internalization of influenza viruses.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Pathophysiology and Signal Transduction, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Influenza virus infection causes highly contagious, severe respiratory disorders and gives rise to thousands of deaths every year; however, the efficacy of currently approved defense strategies, including vaccines and neuraminidase inhibitors, is limited because the virus frequently acquires resistance via antigen drift and reassortment. It is therefore important to establish a novel, effective therapeutic strategy that is effective irrespective of viral subtype.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Here, we identify the Ras-phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway as a host-cell regulatory mechanism for influenza virus entry. The binding of Ras to PI3K is specifically involved in clathrin-independent endocytosis, endosomal maturation, and intracellular transport of viruses, which result in decreased infectious efficacy of different subtypes of influenza viruses in cells lacking the Ras-PI3K interaction. Moreover, influenza virus infection indeed triggered Ras activation and subsequent PI3K activation in early endosomes.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

Taken together, these results demonstrate that the Ras-PI3K signaling axis acts as a host-oriented mechanism for viral internalization. Given that virus incorporation is a process conserved among virus subtypes and species, this signaling pathway may provide a target for potent, well-tolerated prophylactics and therapeutics against a broad range of viruses.

PMID:
21283725
PMCID:
PMC3024431
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0016324
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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