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Brain Inj. 2011;25(3):292-9. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2010.546824. Epub 2011 Jan 31.

Effects of polysaccharides of the Euphoria Longan (Lour.) Steud on focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury and its underlying mechanism.

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1
School of Pharmaceutical, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, 541004, PR China. junxuxu@163.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of polysaccharides of the Euphoria Longan (Lour.) Steud on focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion(I/R) injury in rats.

METHODS:

In this study, spectrophotometry was employed to observe the effects of polysaccharides of the Euphoria Longan (Lour.) Steud on [Formula: see text] and ?OH in?vitro. The operation was performed to induce the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. The influences of polysaccharides on the neurological function score, the brain water content, the infarct volume, activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and myeloperoxidase (MPO), the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), the protein levels of Bcl-2 and Bax, the concentration of tumour necrosis factor-? (TNF-?) and interleukin-1? (IL-?) in brain tissue were measured.

RESULTS:

Compared with the I/R group, polysaccharides of the Euphoria Longan (Lour.) Steud could obviously reduce the neurological score, the infract volume, the brain water content, MDA content, MPO activity, TNF-? and IL-1? level, expression of Bax, and increase SOD, GSH, GSH-Px activity and expression of Bcl-2.

CONCLUSION:

The data suggest that polysaccharides of the Euphoria Longan (Lour.) Steud are capable of alleviating I/R injury by a mechanism that may involve decreasing oxidative stress.

PMID:
21280975
DOI:
10.3109/02699052.2010.546824
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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