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Ann Neurol. 2011 Jan;69(1):111-8. doi: 10.1002/ana.22155.

The COMT Val158Met polymorphism affects the response to entacapone in Parkinson's disease: a randomized crossover clinical trial.

Author information

1
INSERM (French National Institute of Medical Research and Health), Clinical Investigation Center (CIC-9503), Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris, France. jean-christophe.corvol@psl.aphp.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

In Parkinson disease (PD), the selective C-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor entacapone prolongs the effect of levodopa on motor symptoms (ON time) by increasing its bioavailability. The COMT Val158Met polymorphism is equally distributed in PD patients and modulates COMT activity, which can be high (Val/Val, COMT(HH) ), intermediate (Val/Met, COMT(HL) ), or low (Met/Met, COMT(LL) ). The objective of this study was to determine the response to entacapone in COMT(HH) and COMT(LL) PD patients.

METHODS:

Thirty-three PD patients, homozygous for the COMT alleles COMT(HH) (n = 17) and COMT(LL) (n = 16), were randomized in a double-blind crossover trial consisting of 2 successive acute levodopa challenges associated with 200mg entacapone or placebo. The primary endpoint was the gain in the best ON time. Secondary endpoints were levodopa pharmacokinetics and COMT activity in red blood cells.

RESULTS:

The gain in the best ON time was higher in COMT(HH) than in COMT(LL) patients (39 ± 10 vs 9 ± 9 minutes, p = 0.04, interaction between treatment and genotype). Area under the concentration over time curve of levodopa increased more after entacapone in COMT(HH) than in COMT(LL) patients (+62 ± 6% vs +34 ± 8%, p = 0.01). COMT inhibition by entacapone was higher in COMT(HH) than in COMT(LL) patients (-0.54 ± 0.07 vs -0.31 ± 0.06 pmol/min/mg protein, p = 0.02).

INTERPRETATION:

The COMT(HH) genotype in PD patients enhances the effect of entacapone on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of levodopa. The response to entacapone after repeated administrations and in heterozygous patients remains to be determined.

PMID:
21280081
DOI:
10.1002/ana.22155
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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