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Mol Microbiol. 1990 Nov;4(11):1975-84.

Role of the nodD and syrM genes in the activation of the regulatory gene nodD3, and of the common and host-specific nod genes of Rhizobium meliloti.

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Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire des Relations, Plantes-Microorganismes, CNRS-INRA, Castanet-Tolosan, France.


To analyse the regulation of the nodulation (nod) genes of Rhizobium meliloti RCR2011 we have isolated lacZ gene fusions to a number of common, host-range and regulatory nod genes, using the mini-Mu-lac bacteriophage transposon MudII1734. Common (nodA, nodC, nod region IIa) and host-range (nodE, nodG, nodH) genes were found to be regulated similarly. They were activated (i) by the regulatory nodD1 gene in the presence of flavones such as chrysoeriol, luteolin and 7,3',4'-trihydroxyflavone, (ii) by nodD2 in the presence of alfalfa root exudate but not with the NodD1-activating flavones, and (iii) by the regulatory genes syrM-nodD3 even in the absence of plant inducers. Thus common and host-range nod genes belong to the same regulon. In contrast to the nodD1 gene, the regulatory nodD3 gene was not expressed constitutively and exhibited a complex regulation. It required syrM for expression, was activated by nodD1 in the presence of luteolin and was positively autoregulated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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