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Can Fam Physician. 1984 Jul;30:1479-84.

Factors related to breastfeeding duration.


The purpose of this study was to discover factors related to breastfeeding duration. Of the 131 women who volunteered to complete questionnaires at one, three and six months postpartum, 46 provided baseline data, and 37 and 48 (randomly assigned) constituted low and high intervention groups respectively. Comparisons were made between breastfeeding and bottle feeding. Factors shown at three and six months to be related to duration of breastfeeding at the p < .05 level were: identified high risk factors in labor and delivery, admission of the infant to the intensive care nursery, and length of mother's and/or infant's hospitalization. The three months' data also showed a significant relationship between spontaneous births and `breastfeeding only'. No positive relationship was found between breastfeeding duration and support from nursing staff. The results suggest that when mothers and infants experience intrapartum high risk factors, delivery by cesarean section and long hospital stay, the mothers are likely to stop breastfeeding early.

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