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J Mol Cell Biol. 2011 Feb;3(1):51-8. doi: 10.1093/jmcb/mjq053.

Epigenetic changes of DNA repair genes in cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Cancer Biology, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope, Duarte, CA 91010, USA.

Abstract

'Every Hour Hurts, The Last One Kills'. That is an old saying about getting old. Every day, thousands of DNA damaging events take place in each cell of our body, but efficient DNA repair systems have evolved to prevent that. However, our DNA repair system and that of most other organisms are not as perfect as that of Deinococcus radiodurans, for example, which is able to repair massive amounts of DNA damage at one time. In many instances, accumulation of DNA damage has been linked to cancer, and genetic deficiencies in specific DNA repair genes are associated with tumor-prone phenotypes. In addition to mutations, which can be either inherited or somatically acquired, epigenetic silencing of DNA repair genes may promote tumorigenesis. This review will summarize current knowledge of the epigenetic inactivation of different DNA repair components in human cancer.

PMID:
21278452
PMCID:
PMC3030973
DOI:
10.1093/jmcb/mjq053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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