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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2011 Aug;142(2):302-7.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2010.08.090. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Medtronic Mosaic porcine bioprosthesis: assessment of 12-year performance.

Author information

1
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. eric.jamieson@vch.ca

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Mosaic porcine bioprosthesis (Medtronic, Inc, Minneapolis, Minn) was approved in 2000 by the US Food and Drug Administration. Clinical performance was evaluated in 6 centers.

METHODS:

From 1994 to 2000, 797 patients (mean age 69 years) had aortic valve replacement (AVR) and 232 (mean 67 years) had mitral valve replacement (MVR). Concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting was performed with aortic valve replacement (45.4%) and mitral valve replacement (43.5%). Mean follow-ups were 7.5 years for aortic position and 7.3 years for mitral position.

RESULTS:

Early mortalities were 2.8% for AVR and 3.0% for MVR. Late mortalities were 4.2%/patient-year for AVR and 5.1%/patient-year for MVR. Overall 12-year survivals were 55.8% ± 3.7% for AVR and 43.9% ± 7.4% for MVR. Twelve-year freedoms from valve-related mortality were 87.1% ± 3.1% for AVR and 82.5% ± 7.7% for MVR. Twelve-year freedoms from reoperation were 84.0% ± 3.3% for AVR and 82.5% ± 7.5% for MVR. Freedoms from structural valve deterioration (SVD) by explant reoperation at 12 years for AVR were 93.3% ± 2.6% for patients at least 60 years old and 75.9% ± 9.3% for patients younger than 60 years. Freedoms from SVD by explant reoperation at 10 years for MVR were 95.3% ± 7.8% for patients at least 70 years old and 84.0% ± 9.3% for patients younger than 70 years. Hemodynamic performance data at 1 year for AVR (sizes 21-27 mm) were mean systolic gradient range 13.7 ± 4.8 to 10.3 ± 3.2 mm Hg and effective orifice area range 1.5 ± 0.3 to 2.5 ± 0.4 cm(2). For MVR (sizes 25-31 mm), data were mean diastolic gradient range 6.7 ± 1.7 to 3.7 ± 0.9 mm Hg and effective orifice area range 1.9 ± 0.3 to 2.4 ± 0.6 cm(2).

CONCLUSIONS:

Overall performance of Mosaic porcine bioprosthesis to 12 years is satisfactory. Freedoms from SVD by explant reoperation were most satisfactory for aortic position in patients at least 60 years old and mitral position in patients at least 70 years old. Overall actuarial freedom from SVD by explant reoperation is encouraging for patients with MVR.

PMID:
21277591
DOI:
10.1016/j.jtcvs.2010.08.090
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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