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Eur J Clin Invest. 1990 Dec;20(6):573-80.

Iodide-induced hypothyroidism in patients after thyroid resection.

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Surgical Service, Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121.


The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether an intrinsic defect in thyroid hormone production is required for the development of iodide-induced hypothyroidism or does it also develop in TSH-stimulated normal thyroid tissue. To answer this question, we studied the response to iodine administration (180 mg iodide daily for 3-4 months) in eight euthyroid patients who had had partial thyroidectomies 2 months to 10 years previously for benign thyroid nodules, and in three euthyroid control subjects. In all 11 euthyroid patients, basal serum TSH concentrations increased during iodide administration. In six of the eight patients who had previous thyroid operations and in two of the three control patients, basal serum TSH concentrations increased into the abnormal range (greater than 6 U ml-1). Increased serum TSH concentrations were noted as early as 1 week after potassium iodide had been started and the increased levels persisted during the period of iodide administration. Although basal values for serum TSH concentration were initially within the normal range, those patients with highest basal serum TSH values developed the greatest increase in TSH in response to potassium iodine. Among the eight patients treated by partial thyroidectomy, serum T4 concentrations decreased in five, serum T3 concentration decreased in three and all five developed mild symptoms of hypothyroidism while receiving iodide. Serum T4 concentrations also decreased slightly in two of the three control patients. Serum total iodine levels increased from 7.0 +/- 0.5 to 315.7 +/- 108.6 g dl-1 (mean-+/- standard error) during potassium iodide administration, but there was no correlation between the level of serum iodide concentration achieved and inhibition of thyroid function.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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