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Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2011 Mar 15;46(3):246-51. doi: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2010.12.010. Epub 2011 Feb 1.

Role of c-Abl in L-selectin shedding from the neutrophil surface.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

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  • Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2013 Apr;50(4):289.


L-selectin is a key molecule that participates in neutrophil tethering and subsequent rolling. It is cleaved from the surface of neutrophils activated in the presence of lipopolysaccharides, N-formyl-methionine-leucine-phenylalanine (fMLP), or Interleukin-8 (IL-8). We previously showed that L-selectin is also shed from the neutrophil surface during rolling on sialyl Lewis-x coated surfaces in a force-, ADAM-17 sheddase-, and p38 MAP kinase-dependent manner under flow. c-Abl tyrosine kinase is phosphorylated when L-selectin on the surface of neutrophils is cross-linked with anti-L-selectin antibodies. Here, we study the effect of c-Abl inhibition on L-selectin shedding from primary human neutrophils in static conditions following exposure to fMLP, IL-8, and hypotonic buffer and under flow through sialyl Lewis-x coated microtubes. Results indicate that c-Abl inhibition by STI571 significantly affects neutrophil adhesion via L-selectin, by decreasing the average rolling velocity and increasing the flux of rolling cells. The change in surface receptor expression was verified by flow cytometry. Interestingly, other forms of L-selectin shedding induced by fMLP, IL-8 or osmotic swelling were unaffected by STI571 treatment. These findings implicate the c-Abl signaling molecule in regulating L-selectin mechanical shedding in response to shear stress, setting this type of signaling apart from those triggered by the presence of a hypotonic environment, fMLP, or IL-8. This study sheds light on the role of c-Abl in neutrophil adhesion not previously reported in the literature.

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