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Ortop Traumatol Rehabil. 2010 Nov-Dec;12(6):479-92.

New concepts in the aetiology of primary osteoarthritis of the hip caused by femoroacetabular impingement.

[Article in English, Polish]

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Department of Orthopaedics, Paediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Medical Centre of Postgraduate Education in Warsaw-Otwock, Prof. A. Gruca Teaching Hospital, Otwock, Poland.


The paper presents modern concepts in the aetiology and development of osteoarthritis of the hip. Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a condition characterized by a repetitive abnormal contact of the acetabular rim with the femoral head-neck region, which leads to the development of early osteoarthritis of the hip. There are three types of FAI: cam type, pincer type, and mixed type. FAI is diagnosed on the basis of history, clinical assessment and imaging evidence from radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound scans and computed tomography. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of FAI make it possible to halt the development of osteoarthritis of the hip.

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