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Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2011 Apr;12(4):550-3. doi: 10.1510/icvts.2010.253682. Epub 2011 Jan 27.

Aortic valve reconstruction using self-developed aortic valve plasty system in aortic valve disease.

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Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Toho University Ohashi Medical Center, 2-17-6 Ohashi, Meguro, Tokyo 153-8515, Japan.


Aortic valve disease is usually treated by prosthetic valve replacement. We have performed aortic valve plasty (AVP) using glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium. AVP was performed for 88 patients from April 2007 through August 2009. Sixty-five patients had aortic stenosis, and 23 patients had aortic regurgitation (AR). Twenty-one patients showed bicuspid aortic valves, and one patient showed quadricuspid valve. There were 43 males and 45 females. Their mean age was 70.6±10.5 years old. First, diseased leaflets excised. Then, the distance between each commissure was measured. The new leaflet were trimmed with an original template from a glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium sample. Finally, the annular margin of the pericardial leaflet was running sutured to each annulus. There was no operative mortality or embolic event. Postoperative echocardiography revealed a mean peak pressure gradient (PG) of 19.0±9.1 mmHg one week after surgery. Thirty-two patients had echocardiography one year after surgery. The peak PG became 12.9±5.8 mmHg. Ten patients showed no AR, 20 patients showed trivial AR, and two patients showed mild AR. Freedom from reoperation is 100% at three years follow-up.

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