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Circ J. 2011;75(3):633-41. Epub 2011 Jan 24.

Early intervention with rosuvastatin decreases the lipid components of the plaque in acute coronary syndrome: analysis using integrated backscatter IVUS (ELAN study).

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1
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has recently become possible to analyze coronary plaque characteristics by using integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS). The aim of this study was to use this modality to evaluate the impact of early intervention with rosuvastatin on both the volume and tissue characteristics of non-culprit plaques in acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Patients with ACS underwent IB-IVUS after percutaneous coronary intervention procedure and were administered rosuvastatin. Follow-up IB-IVUS was recorded 6 months later. We analyzed the changes in plaque burden and tissue characteristics in these patients. Plaque components were classified as calcified, fibrous, and lipid according IB-IVUS. We comprehensively analyzed 20 ACS patients. The low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels decreased significantly from 117 ± 34 mg/dl to 73 ± 19 mg/dl (P<0.001) after statin therapy. Comparing the baseline images with the follow-up ones revealed a significant reduction in the plaque burden from 98.4 ± 42.1mm(3)/10mm to 80.2 ± 35.8 mm(3)/10mm (P<0.001) and in the lipid volume from 44.1 ± 29.6 mm(3)/10mm to 28.6 ± 17.8 mm(3)/10mm (P<0.001). With respect to the % lipid volume, the reduction rate at follow-up showed a significant correlation with its baseline value (r=-0.498, P=0.024).

CONCLUSIONS:

Early intervention with rosuvastatin in ACS patients enabled significant reduction of the non-culprit plaque during 6 months. This regression was mainly due to the decrease in the lipid component of the plaque.

PMID:
21266787
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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