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Mem Cognit. 2011 Jul;39(5):827-38. doi: 10.3758/s13421-010-0065-9.

Predicting memory performance under conditions of proactive interference: immediate and delayed judgments of learning.

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Department of Psychology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA.


Four experiments examined the monitoring accuracy of immediate and delayed judgments of learning (JOLs) under conditions of proactive interference (PI). PI was produced using paired-associate learning tasks that conformed to variations of classic A-B, A-D paradigms. Results revealed that the relative monitoring accuracy of interference items was better for delayed than for immediate JOLs. However, delayed JOLs were overconfident for interference items, but not for items devoid of interference. Intrusions retrieved prior to delayed JOLs produced inflated predictions of performance. These results show that delayed JOLs enhance monitoring accuracy in PI situations, except when intrusions are mistaken for target responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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