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J Adv Nurs. 2011 May;67(5):1012-21. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05569.x. Epub 2011 Jan 24.

A pilot study of a systematic method for translating patient satisfaction questionnaires.

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1
School of Nursing, Sun Yat-sen University Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

AIMS:

This paper is a report of a descriptive comparative pilot study of use of a method that simultaneously tests the content validity and quality of translation of English-to-Chinese translations of two patient satisfaction questionnaires: the La Monica-Oberst Patient Satisfaction Scale and Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems.

BACKGROUND:

Patient satisfaction is an important indicator of the quality of healthcare services. In China, however, few good translations of patient satisfaction instruments sensitive to nursing services exist.

METHODS:

The descriptive pilot study took place in 2009 and used content validity indexing techniques to evaluate the content, context and criterion relevance of a survey question. The expert raters were 10 nursing faculty and 10 patients who evaluated the two patient satisfaction questionnaires. The experts evaluated the relevance of each item on a scale of 1-4 and the research team compared their responses to choose the most appropriate. Only the nurse faculty experts, who were bilingual, evaluated the quality of the translation using a binary rating.

RESULTS:

The 'Nurse Rater' relevance scores of the LaMonica-Oberst Patient Satisfaction Scale and the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems were 0·96 and 0·95 respectively, whereas the patient's overall relevance scores were 0·89 and 0·95. A Mann-Whitney U-test demonstrated that results between the two groups were statistically significantly different (P = 0·0135).

CONCLUSIONS:

Using content validity indexing simultaneously with translation processes was valuable for selecting and evaluating survey instruments in different contexts.

PMID:
21261694
PMCID:
PMC3076648
DOI:
10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05569.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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