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Oncogene. 2011 May 26;30(21):2420-32. doi: 10.1038/onc.2010.615. Epub 2011 Jan 24.

p70 S6 kinase in the control of actin cytoskeleton dynamics and directed migration of ovarian cancer cells.

Author information

1
School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is highly metastatic with a poor prognosis. The serine/threonine kinase, p70 S6 kinase (p70(S6K)), which is a downstream effector of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway, is frequently activated in ovarian cancer. Here, we show that p70(S6K) is a critical regulator of the actin cytoskeleton in the acquisition of the metastatic phenotype. This regulation is through two important activities: p70(S6K) acts as an actin filament cross-linking protein and as a Rho family GTPase-activating protein. Ectopic expression of constitutively active p70(S6K) in ovarian cancer cells induced a marked reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and promoted directional cell migration. Using cosedimentation and differential sedimentation assays, p70(S6K) was found to directly bind to and cross-link actin filaments. Immunofluorescence studies showed p70(S6K) colocalized with cytochalasin D-sensitive actin at the leading edge of motile cells. The p70(S6K) did not affect the kinetics of spontaneous actin polymerization, but could stabilize actin filaments by the inhibition of cofilin-induced actin depolymerization. In addition, we showed that p70(S6K) stimulated the rapid activation of both Rac1 and Cdc42, and their downstream effector p21-activated kinase (PAK1), but not RhoA. Depletion of p70(S6K) expression or inhibition of its activity resulted in significant inhibition of actin cytoskeleton reorganization and reduced migration, with a concomitant reduction in Rac1, Cdc42 and PAK1 activation, confirming that the effect was p70(S6K) specific. Similarly, the actin cytoskeleton reorganization/migratory phenotype could be reversed by expression of dominant negative Rac1 and Cdc42, or inhibition of PAK1. These results reveal a new direction for understanding the oncogenic roles of p70(S6K) in tumor progression.

PMID:
21258406
DOI:
10.1038/onc.2010.615
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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