Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurosurgery. 2011 Jun;68(6):1562-7; discussion 1567. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e31820e382e.

Early indicators of enduring symptoms in high school athletes with multiple previous concussions.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Saint Joseph’s University, 222 Post Hall, Philadelphia, PA 19131, USA. pschatz@sju.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Despite recent findings of cognitive, emotional, physical, and behavioral symptomatology in retired professional athletes with a history of multiple concussions, there is little systematic research examining these symptoms in high school athletes with a history of concussion.

OBJECTIVE:

To identify cognitive, emotional, and physical symptoms at baseline in nonconcussed high school athletes based on concussion history.

METHODS:

A multicenter sample of 616 high school athletes who completed baseline evaluations were assigned to groups based on history of concussion (none, 1, 2, or more previous concussions). The Post-Concussion Symptom Scale was administered as part of a computerized neuropsychological test battery during athletes' preseason baseline evaluations. Cross-sectional analyses were used to examine symptoms reported at the time of baseline neuropsychological testing.

RESULTS:

High school athletes with a history of 2 or more concussions showed significantly higher ratings of concussion-related symptoms (cognitive, physical, sleep difficulties) than athletes with a history of one or no previous concussions.

CONCLUSION:

It appears that youth athletes who sustain multiple concussions experience a variety of subtle effects, which may be possible precursors of the future onset of concussion-related difficulties.

PMID:
21258259
DOI:
10.1227/NEU.0b013e31820e382e
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center