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Plant Signal Behav. 2011 Jan;6(1):49-54. Epub 2011 Jan 1.

A role for SR proteins in plant stress responses.

Author information

1
Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, Portugal. duquep@igc.gulbenkian.pt

Abstract

Members of the SR (serine/arginine-rich) protein gene family are key players in the regulation of alternative splicing, an important means of generating proteome diversity and regulating gene expression. In plants, marked changes in alternative splicing are induced by a wide variety of abiotic stresses, suggesting a role for this highly versatile gene regulation mechanism in the response to environmental cues. In support of this notion, the expression of plant SR proteins is stress-regulated at multiple levels, with environmental signals controlling their own alternative splicing patterns, phosphorylation status and subcellular distribution. Most importantly, functional links between these RNA-binding proteins and plant stress tolerance are beginning to emerge, including a role in the regulation of abscisic acid (ABA) signaling. Future identification of the physiological mRNA targets of plant SR proteins holds much promise for the elucidation of the molecular mechanisms underlying their role in the response to abiotic stress.

PMID:
21258207
PMCID:
PMC3122005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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