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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Apr;22(4):752-61. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2010040355. Epub 2011 Jan 21.

Predicting the risk for dialysis or death in IgA nephropathy.

Author information

1
Nephrology, Dialysis, and Renal Transplantation Department, University North Hospital, 42055 Saint-Étienne Cedex 2, France. francois.berthoux@chu-st-etienne.fr

Abstract

For the individual patient with primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN), it remains a challenge to predict long-term outcomes for patients receiving standard treatment. We studied a prospective cohort of 332 patients with biopsy-proven IgAN patients followed over an average of 13 years. We calculated an absolute renal risk (ARR) of dialysis or death by counting the number of risk factors present at diagnosis: hypertension, proteinuria ≥1 g/d, and severe pathologic lesions (global optical score, ≥8). Overall, the ARR score allowed significant risk stratification (P < 0.0001). The cumulative incidence of death or dialysis at 10 and 20 years was 2 and 4%, respectively, for ARR=0; 2 and 9% for ARR=1; 7 and 18% for ARR=2; and 29 and 64% for ARR=3, in adequately treated patients. When achieved, control of hypertension and reduction of proteinuria reduced the risk for death or dialysis. In conclusion, the absolute renal risk score, determined at diagnosis, associates with risk for dialysis or death.

PMID:
21258035
PMCID:
PMC3065230
DOI:
10.1681/ASN.2010040355
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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