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Am J Cardiol. 2011 Feb 1;107(3):360-6. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2010.09.029.

Predictive accuracy of SYNTAX score for predicting long-term outcomes of unprotected left main coronary artery revascularization.

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Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.


The American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association recently updated recommendations for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease from class III to II(b) according to the results of the SYNergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXus and cardiac surgery (SYNTAX) trial. The SYNTAX score is an angiographic tool using solely the coronary anatomy. We studied the effect of co-morbidities (Parsonnet's score) on the ability of the SYNTAX score to predict long-term outcomes in patients with ULMCA disease treated by revascularization. A total of 328 patients underwent revascularization of ULMCA from April 2003 to February 2007. Of the 328 patients, 120 underwent PCI (median follow-up 973 days) and 208 underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (median follow-up 1,298 days). The ability of the SYNTAX score to predict outcomes was assessed using the Cox proportional hazards model. The outcomes between the PCI and CABG groups were compared by propensity analysis. The median SYNTAX score was 26 in the PCI and 28 in the CABG group (p = 0.5). In the PCI group, greater quartiles were associated with worse survival (62.1% at SYNTAX score of ≥36 vs 82.4% at SYNTAX score of <36, p = 0.03) and all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular events, and target vessel revascularization-free (MACCE) survival (47.7%, SYNTAX score ≥20 vs 76.6%, SYNTAX score <20, p = 0.02). Using the Parsonnet score as a covariate, the SYNTAX score continued to be an independent predictor of MACCE and demonstrated a trend toward predicting mortality in the PCI group. In contrast, the SYNTAX score did not predict the outcomes for the CABG group. No difference was found in mortality between the PCI and CABG groups for ULMCA disease, regardless of coronary complexity; although greater SYNTAX scores were associated with increased MACCE rates with PCI compared to CABG. Both the coronary anatomy (SYNTAX score) and co-morbidities (Parsonnet's score) predicted long-term outcomes for PCI of ULMCA disease. In contrast, the SYNTAX score did not predict the outcomes after CABG. In conclusion, the ideal scoring system to guide an appropriate revascularization decision for ULMCA disease should take into account both the coronary anatomy and the co-morbidities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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