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J Mol Biol. 2011 Mar 11;406(5):687-99. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2011.01.022. Epub 2011 Jan 20.

On the existence of a possible A2A-D2-β-Arrestin2 complex: A2A agonist modulation of D2 agonist-induced β-arrestin2 recruitment.

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Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Retzius väg 8, 17177 Stockholm, Sweden.


Given that coactivation of adenosine A(2A) (A(2A)R) and dopamine D(2) (D(2)R) receptors results in the coaggregation, cointernalization, and codesensitization of the A(2A)R and D(2)R and the role of scaffolding protein β-arrestin2 in the desensitization, internalization, and signaling of G-protein-coupled receptors, in this study we explored the ability of the A(2A)R agonist CGS21680 in A(2A)R-D(2)R-coexpressing cells to modulate the D(2)R agonist-induced recruitment of β-arrestin2 to the D(2)R by means of proximity-based bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET(2)) and co-trafficking analysis. We found evidence that CGS21680 can increase the maximal BRET(2) signal between β-arrestin2(RLuc) and D(2L)R(GFP2) upon D(2)R activation, by increasing the potency of the D(2)R agonist to exert this action. In addition, this change was associated with an increased formation of cytoplasmic clusters containing β-arrestin2(GFP2) and D(2L)R(YFP) as seen from the co-trafficking analysis. Furthermore, the A(2A)R agonist advanced the time for the increase in Akt phosphorylation obtained with the D(2)R agonist. Finally, using a novel bioinformatics approach to predict the protein-protein interface, we have also found that amino acid pro-triplets TNY, LLS, RAF, and VSR may be crucial for the -induced β-arrestin2 recruitment by A(2A)R-D(2)R heteromers. Taken together, the results indicate that the antagonistic A(2A)R-D(2)R allosteric receptor-receptor interaction in A(2A)R-D(2)R heteromers favors β-arrestin2 recruitment to the D(2L)R protomer with subsequent cointernalization associated with a reduced time onset of Akt phosphorylation followed by a rapid dephosphorylation. Thus, β-arrestin2 action becomes more rapid and short-lasting and, in this way, mimics G-protein-mediated signaling.

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