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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2011 Feb 15;21(4):1218-21. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.12.079. Epub 2010 Dec 21.

Structure and property based design, synthesis and biological evaluation of γ-lactam based HDAC inhibitors.

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Translational Research Center for Protein Function Control, Department of Biotechnology, Yonsei University, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-749, Republic of Korea.


Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are involved in post-translational modification and gene expression. Cancer cells recruited amounts of HDACs for their survival by epi-genetic down regulation of tumor suppressor genes. HDACs have been the promising targets for treatment of cancer, and many HDAC inhibitors have been investigated nowadays. In previous study, we synthesized δ-lactam core HDAC inhibitors which showed potent HDAC inhibitory activities as well as cancer cell growth inhibitory activities. Through QSAR study of the δ-lactam based inhibitors, the smaller core is suggested as more active than larger one because it fits better in narrow hydrophobic tunnel of the active pocket of HDAC enzyme. The smaller γ-lactam core HDAC inhibitors were designed and synthesized for biological and property optimization. Phenyl, naphthyl and thiophenyl groups were introduced as the cap groups. Hydrophobic and bulky cap groups increase potency of HDAC inhibition because of hydrophobic interaction between HDAC and inhibitors. In overall, γ-lactam based HDAC inhibitors showed more potent than δ-lactam analogues.

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