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J Clin Psychol. 2011 Mar;67(3):267-77. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20761. Epub 2010 Dec 22.

The moderation of Mindfulness-based stress reduction effects by trait mindfulness: results from a randomized controlled trial.

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Department of Counseling Psychology, 500 El Camino Real, Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA 95053,


Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has shown effectiveness for a variety of mental health conditions. However, it is not known for whom the intervention is most effective. In a randomized controlled trial (N = 30), we explored whether individuals with higher levels of pretreatment trait mindfulness would benefit more from MBSR intervention. Results demonstrated that relative to a control condition (n = 15), MBSR treatment (n = 15) had significant effects on several outcomes, including increased trait mindfulness, subjective well-being, and empathy measured at 2 and 12 months after treatment. However, relative to controls, MBSR participants with higher levels of pretreatment mindfulness showed a larger increase in mindfulness, subjective well-being, empathy, and hope, and larger declines in perceived stress up to 1 year after treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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