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Archaea. 2010 Dec 30;2010:945785. doi: 10.1155/2010/945785.

Methanogens: methane producers of the rumen and mitigation strategies.

Author information

1
Department of Animal & Poultry Science, University of Guelph, ON, Canada. shook@uoguelph.ca

Abstract

Methanogens are the only known microorganisms capable of methane production, making them of interest when investigating methane abatement strategies. A number of experiments have been conducted to study the methanogen population in the rumen of cattle and sheep, as well as the relationship that methanogens have with other microorganisms. The rumen methanogen species differ depending on diet and geographical location of the host, as does methanogenesis, which can be reduced by modifying dietary composition, or by supplementation of monensin, lipids, organic acids, or plant compounds within the diet. Other methane abatement strategies that have been investigated are defaunation and vaccines. These mitigation methods target the methanogen population of the rumen directly or indirectly, resulting in varying degrees of efficacy. This paper describes the methanogens identified in the rumens of cattle and sheep, as well as a number of methane mitigation strategies that have been effective in vivo.

PMID:
21253540
PMCID:
PMC3021854
DOI:
10.1155/2010/945785
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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