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Chronobiol Int. 1990;7(3):203-16.

Circadian variations in blood coagulation parameters, alpha-antitrypsin antigen and platelet aggregation and retention in clinically healthy subjects.

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St. Paul-Ramsey Medical Center/Ramsey Clinic/University of Minnesota 55101.


Ten clinically healthy subjects (5 men and 5 women), 31 +/- 11 yrs of age, were studied at six timepoints (0800, 1200, 1600, 2000, 0000, 0400) distributed over a 1-week span. Circadian rhythms in platelet aggregation in response to adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and adrenalin (A), platelet adhesiveness measured as retention in a glass bead column, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), fibrinogen, Factor VIII activity and alpha-1-antitrypsin antigen showed circadian rhythms. The plasma concentrations of plasminogen, alpha-2-macroglobulin, and antithrombin III (AT III) antigen, Factor V and fibrinogen degradation products showed no circadian rhythm by ANOVA or cosinor analysis. The phase relations of the rhythms of different coagulation parameters are of interest in the physiology and pathobiology of the coagulation-fibrinolytic system. The extent of the circadian rhythm (range of change) described is not of a magnitude to lead to diagnostic problems in the clinical laboratory. The timing of these rhythms, however, may determine transient risk states for thromboembolic phenomena, including myocardial infarction and stroke. Several but not all coagulation parameters suggest a transient state of hypercoagulability during the morning hours. The recognition of these rhythmic, and thus in the time of the occurrence predictable temporary risk states for thromboembolic phenomena, may lead to timed treatment and/or effective prevention.

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