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JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2011 Jan;4(1):30-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2010.11.004.

Very late stent thrombosis after primary percutaneous coronary intervention with bare-metal and drug-eluting stents for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a 15-year single-center experience.

Author information

1
LeBauer Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Greensboro, North Carolina 27408, USA. bbrodie@triad.rr.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of very late stent thrombosis (VLST) after stenting with bare-metal stents (BMS) and drug-eluting stents (DES) for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

BACKGROUND:

Stent thrombosis occurs more frequently after stenting for STEMI than after elective stenting, but there are little data regarding VLST.

METHODS:

Consecutive patients (n = 1,463) who underwent stenting for STEMI were prospectively enrolled in our database. BMS were implanted exclusively from 1995 to 2002, and DES and BMS were implanted from 2003 to 2009. Follow-up was obtained at 1 to 15 years.

RESULTS:

BMS patients (n = 1,095) were older and had more shock, whereas DES patients (n = 368) had more diabetes and smaller vessels. Stent thrombosis occurred in 107 patients, of which 42 were VLST (>1 year). Stent thrombosis continued to increase to at least 11 years with BMS and to at least 4.5 years with DES. Stent thrombosis rates with BMS versus DES were similar at 1 year (5.1% and 4.0%, respectively) but increased more with DES after the first year (1.9%/year vs. 0.6%/year, respectively). Landmark analysis (>1 year) found DES had a higher frequency of VLST (p < 0.001) and reinfarction (p = 0.003). DES was the only significant independent predictor of VLST (hazard ratio: 3.79, 95% confidence interval: 1.64 to 8.79, p = 0.002).

CONCLUSIONS:

VLST after primary PCI for STEMI occurs with relatively high frequency to at least 11 years with BMS and to at least 4.5 years with DES. Very late stent thrombosis and reinfarction (>1 year) were more frequent with DES. New strategies are needed to manage this problem.

PMID:
21251626
PMCID:
PMC3104676
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcin.2010.11.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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