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J Med Case Rep. 2011 Jan 20;5:25. doi: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-25.

Unusual computed tomography findings of radionecrosis after chemoradiation of stage IV hypopharyngeal cancer: a case report.

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1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Ohtawara Red Cross Hospital, 2-7-3 Sumiyoshi-cho, Ohtawara City, Tochigi 324-8686, Japan. yuh_baba@hotmail.com.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Radionecrosis (post-radiotherapy laryngeal submucosal inflammation and necrosis) is a complication of (chemo) radiotherapy for hypopharyngeal cancer that is difficult to differentiate from tumor recurrence.

CASE PRESENTATION:

A 67-year-old Japanese man presented with a condition extremely difficult to diagnose differentially as radionecrosis or tumor recurrence after radiotherapy for hypopharyngeal cancer. Although tumor recurrence was suspected from clinical conditions and computed tomography findings, pathologic analysis revealed no evidence of tumor recurrence, and successful therapy with steroids and antibiotics reduced the mucosal edema.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings emphasize the wide spectrum of radiographic presentation of radionecrosis after chemoradiation of stage IV hypopharyngeal cancer.

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