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BMC Psychiatry. 2011 Jan 20;11:14. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-11-14.

The Farsi version of the Hypomania Check-List 32 (HCL-32): applicability and indication of a four-factorial solution.

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1
Research Center for Behavioural Disorders and Substance Abuse of Hamadan University of medical sciences, Hamadan, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Data from the Iranian population for hypomania core symptom clusters are lacking. The aim of the present study was therefore to apply the Farsi version of the Hypomania-Check-List 32 (HCL-32), and to explore its factorial structure.

METHODS:

A total of 163 Iranian out-patients took part in the study; 61 suffered from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), and 102 suffered from Bipolar Disorders (BP). Participants completed the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) and the Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32). Exploratory factor analyses were used to examine the properties of the HCL-32. A ROC-curve analysis was performed to calculate sensitivity and specificity.

RESULTS:

The HCL-32 differentiated between patients with MDD and with BP. Psychometric properties were satisfactory: sensitivity: 73%; specificity: 91%. MDQ and HCL-32 did correlate highly. No differences were found between patients suffering from BP I and BP II.

DISCUSSION:

Instead of the two-factorial structure of the HCL-32 reported previously, the present pattern of factorial results suggest a distinction between four factors: two broadly positive dimensions of hypomania ("physically and mentally active"; "positive social interactions") and two rather negative dimensions ("risky behavior and substance use"; "difficulties in social interaction and impatience").

CONCLUSION:

The Farsi version of the HCL-32 proved to be applicable, and therefore easy to introduce within a clinical context. The pattern of results suggests a four factorial solution.

PMID:
21251272
PMCID:
PMC3036591
DOI:
10.1186/1471-244X-11-14
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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