Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Am Chem Soc. 2011 Mar 2;133(8):2346-9. doi: 10.1021/ja109524h. Epub 2011 Jan 21.

Synthesis of monodisperse, rodlike silica colloids with tunable aspect ratio.

Author information

1
Soft Condensed Matter, Debye Institute for NanoMaterials Science, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands. a.kuijk@uu.nl

Abstract

Although the experimental study of spherical colloids has been extensive, similar studies on rodlike particles are rare because suitable model systems are scarcely available. To fulfill this need, we present the synthesis of monodisperse rodlike silica colloids with tunable dimensions. Rods were produced with diameters of 200 nm and greater and lengths up to 10 μm, resulting in aspect ratios from 1 to ∼25. The growth mechanism of these rods involves emulsion droplets inside which silica condensation takes place. Due to an anisotropic supply of reactants, the nucleus grows to one side only, resulting in rod formation. In concentrated dispersions, these rods self-assemble in liquid crystal phases, which can be studied quantitatively on the single particle level in three-dimensional real-space using confocal microscopy. Isotropic, paranematic, and smectic phases were observed for this system.

PMID:
21250633
DOI:
10.1021/ja109524h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center