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J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2011 Jan-Feb;40(1):35-46. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6909.2010.01210.x.

A pilot randomized controlled trial of a breastfeeding self-efficacy intervention with primiparous mothers.

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1
School of Nursing, Lakehead University, 955 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. kmcqueen@lakeheadu.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To pilot test a newly developed breastfeeding self-efficacy intervention.

DESIGN:

Pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT).

SETTING:

An acute care hospital located in Northwestern Ontario that is the sole provider of maternity care for the city and referral center for the region.

PARTICIPANTS:

One-hundred-and-fifty primiparous women intending to breastfeed their healthy, term, singleton infant.

INTERVENTION:

A standardized, individualized nursing intervention protocol was designed and administered to increase mothers' breastfeeding self-efficacy. Participants were randomly allocated to the intervention group or control group using sealed, opaque envelopes. Participants in the intervention group received three individualized, self-efficacy enhancing sessions with the researcher: two in-hospital and one by telephone. Participants in the control group received standard in-hospital and community care.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Feasibility, compliance, and the acceptability of the breastfeeding self-efficacy intervention. Other outcomes assessed were breastfeeding self-efficacy, duration, and exclusivity.

RESULTS:

Findings suggest that the intervention was feasible; there was a high degree of protocol compliance, and the majority of mothers reported that the intervention was beneficial. Mothers in the intervention group had higher rates of breastfeeding self-efficacy, duration, and exclusivity at 4 and 8 weeks postpartum. However, the differences between groups were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSION:

The pilot RCT provided valuable information in examining the feasibility of the trial design and intervention.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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