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Histochem Cell Biol. 2011 Feb;135(2):173-81. doi: 10.1007/s00418-011-0777-3. Epub 2011 Jan 15.

PI3K/Akt pathway mediates high glucose-induced lipogenesis and extracellular matrix accumulation in HKC cells through regulation of SREBP-1 and TGF-β1.

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1
Department of Pathology, Hebei Medical University, NO361 Zhongshan East Road, Shijiazhuang, 050017 Hebei, China.

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that high glucose stimulates renal SREBP-1 gene expression and increases renal tubular cells lipid metabolism, however, the mechanisms remain elusive. In the present study we demonstrated that PI3K/Akt pathway was activated in human renal proximal tubular cell line (HKC) exposed to high glucose accompanied with up-regulation of SREBP-1, TGF-β1, lipid droplets deposits and extracellular matrix production. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway by chemical LY294002 or specific short hairpin RNA (shRNA) vector prevented SREBP-1 and TGF-β1 up-regulation, as well as ameliorated HKC cells lipogenesis and extracellular matrix accumulation. These findings indicate that PI3K/Akt pathway potentially mediates high glucose-induced lipogenesis and extracellular matrix accumulation in HKC cells.

PMID:
21240525
DOI:
10.1007/s00418-011-0777-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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