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Blood. 2011 Mar 17;117(11):3209-13. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-08-302463. Epub 2011 Jan 14.

Prediction of the fetal status in noninvasive management of alloimmune thrombocytopenia.

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  • 1Platelet Immunology Unit, Institut National de Transfusion Sanguine, Paris, France.


Fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia is the most common cause of severe thrombocytopenia in the fetus and in an otherwise healthy newborn. To counter the consequences of severe fetal thrombocytopenia, antenatal therapies have been implemented. Predictive parameters for fetal severe thrombocytopenia are important for the development of noninvasive strategy and tailored intervention. We report here data concerning 239 pregnancies in 75 HPA-1bb women. Analysis of the index cases (diagnosis of fetal/neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia) did not show any significant correlation between the severity of the disease and the maternal genetic background (ABO blood group and HLA-DRB3 allele). Subsequent pregnancies were managed, and therapy effectiveness was evaluated. The highest mean newborn platelet count was observed for a combination of intravenous immunoglobulin and steroids (135 × 10⁹/L; 54 newborns) compared with intravenous immunoglobulin alone (89 × 10⁹/L; 27 newborns). The maternal anti-HPA-1a antibody concentration measured before any treatment and before 28 weeks of gestation was predictive of the fetal status. The weighted areas under curves of the maternal alloantibody concentrations were predictive of therapy response. To conclude, this large retrospective survey gives new insights on maternal predictive parameters for fetal status and therapy effectiveness allowing noninvasive strategies.

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