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Trends Cardiovasc Med. 1991 Mar;1(2):51-8. doi: 10.1016/1050-1738(91)90010-C.

Echo-Doppler in the diagnosis and management of congenital heart disease.

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Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.


Advancements in echo-Doppler technology now provide the capability for both high-quality anatomic imaging as well as the assessment of cardiac flows and hemodynamics. Given these capabilities, and the potentially complex nature of all congenital heart lesions, echo-Doppler is well suited for the diagnostic assessment of congenital heart disease. As a noninvasive, reliable, and relatively inexpensive tool, it is well suited for the longitudinal follow-up of patients with treated and untreated congenital heart lesions. Recent experience with intraoperative imaging has indicated that direct epicardial echo-Doppler examination provides clinically useful information for the surgeon treating congenital heart lesions. Echo-Doppler examination continues to evolve into a primary modality for the recognition, evaluation, and treatment of congenital heart disease.

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