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Microbiol Res. 2011 Mar 20;166(3):137-45. doi: 10.1016/j.micres.2010.09.003. Epub 2011 Jan 14.

The Ashbya gossypii fimbrin SAC6 is required for fast polarized hyphal tip growth and endocytosis.

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Carlsberg Laboratory, Yeast Biology, Gamle Carlsberg Vej 10, DK-2500 Valby, Copenhagen, Denmark.


Ashbya gossypii has been an ideal system to study filamentous hyphal growth. Previously, we identified a link between polarized hyphal growth, the organization of the actin cytoskeleton and endocytosis with our analysis of the A. gossypii Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein (WASP)-homolog encoded by the AgWAL1 gene. Here, we studied the role of AgSAC6, encoding a fimbrin in polarized hyphal growth and endocytosis, and based on our functional analysis identified genetic interactions between AgSAC6 and AgWAL1. SAC6 mutants show severely reduced polarized growth. This growth phenotype is temperature dependent and sac6 spores do not germinate at elevated temperatures. Spores germinated at 30°C generate slow growing mycelia without displaying polarity establishment defects at the hyphal tip. Several phenotypic characteristics of sac6 hyphae resemble those found in wal1 mutants. First, tips of sac6 hyphae shifted to 37°C swell and produce subapical bulges. Second, actin patches are mislocalized subapically. And third, the rate of endocytotic uptake of the vital dye FM4-64 was reduced. This indicates that actin filament bundling, a conserved function of fimbrins, is required for fast polarized hyphal growth, polarity maintenance, and endocytosis in filamentous fungi.

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